There are a number of efforts to develop model laws aimed at re-structuring liability to reflect the greater hazards faced by persons who use assistive devices, walk, bicycle, or otherwise travel on the transportation network outside of standard motorized vehicles.
- An improved and updated Vulnerable Road User law – this model law provides a punishment for motor vehicle drivers who seriously or injure people using roadways who are not protected by a motor vehicle.
- A new model Safe Passing law – this model law provides language directing motor vehicles to move over a lane where possible or pass bicyclists at no closer than 3 feet. It also enables motor vehicles to cross double-yellow lines in order to safely pass bicyclists.
- A new model Where to Ride law – this model law provides language empowering a bicyclist to make safe choices regarding lane position and increases public understanding about where bicyclists should ride on the road.
At least nine states have adopted Vulnerable Road User Protection Laws, including Nevada, Tennessee, Washington, Oregon, Illinois, Maryland, Delaware, New York and Hawaii. Vermont and Connecticut are in process and many other states are talking about them including California and our neighbor, Wisconsin.
The purpose of this collection of materials is to provide useful information on the Vulnerable User legal concept and its potential for improvement in safety for non-motorized roadway users such as bicyclists and pedestrians. We hope these materials will encourage and assist bicycle and pedestrian activists to call on their state’s lawmakers to pass similar laws to enhance roadway safety and increase the use of our roads by human powered travelers.
- “Vulnerable Roadway User” Article by Ray Thomas
- Oregon Vulnerable Roadway User Law
- Sample Legislative Testimony from Oregon
- “American Bicyclist” Article by Ray Thomas
- Delaware Law
- New York Law
- Texas 2008 Bill and Veto
- Supportive St. Petersburg, Florida “Times” Article
The City of Los Angeles approved an anti-harassment ordinance in 2011.