Enforcement Resources

Promising Practices

Pedestrian Safety Enforcement Operations: A How-To Guide: This guide from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) provides tips and guidance on how States and communities can implement pedestrian safety enforcement operations to reduce pedestrian injuries and fatalities. It also includes a summary of promising practices and a series of case studies across the country, including San Francisco.

An Overview of Automated Enforcement Systems and Their Potential for Improving Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety: This research brief from the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) provides guidance on developing automated enforcement programs like red-light cameras and automated speed enforcement cameras to enforce traffic laws and improve pedestrian and bicycle safety.

Advancing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals: This primer from NHTSA is intended as a valuable reference for highway safety professionals, and provides a summary of promising infrastructure treatments and behavioral programs, real world examples, and descriptions of key concepts and terms to help readers understand pedestrian and bicycle safety issues.

Research

Pedestrian Traffic Fatalities by State: 2017 Preliminary Data: This report from the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) is a preliminary take on state and national trends in pedestrian traffic fatalities in 2017. It also explores potential contributors to the high rate of pedestrian fatalities; an overview of federal safety programs and resources; and a state-by-state list of activities happening across the country to address pedestrian safety.

A Right to the Road: Understanding & Addressing Bicyclist Safety: This report from GHSA analyzes national data to understand fatal bicyclist-motor vehicle crash characteristics, and provides 30 action steps that State Highway Safety Offices and local communities can take to assess and improve their current bicyclist safety programs.

Everyone Walks: Understanding & Addressing Pedestrian Safety: This GHSA report provides an overview of how states are using pedestrian safety data and research to inform programs, policies, and practices. It focuses on strategies that take a 3 “E” approach - engineering, education and enforcement - to promote pedestrian safety.

Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, 8th Edition: This guide from NHTSA provides guidance for State Highway Safety Offices on how to select effective, evidence-based strategies and countermeasures for traffic safety problem areas such as for pedestrian and bicycle safety.

Program Examples

Enforcing Traffic Laws in San Francisco: This post from Vision Zero SF showcases three law enforcement campaigns to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety, including Don’t Block the Box, Focus on the Five, and Parking Control Officer Enforcement.

California Office of Traffic Safety, Pedestrian Safety: In response to the rising number of pedestrian injuries and fatalities on California roadways, the California State Senate passed a resolution in 2016 declaring September as California Pedestrian Safety Month. Each September, the California Office of Traffic Safety (OTS) and other law enforcement agencies, city and state transportation agencies, and safety advocates promote public awareness of how people walking and driving can share the road responsibly and safely.

California Highway Patrol, Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety:  This site has public service ads to promote safe walking and bicycling. The CA Pedestrian and Bicyclist Enforcement and Education Project utilizes public education, awareness campaigns and enforcement to encourage safer behaviors while on the road. This project was also awarded the Bike/Pedestrian Safety Special Award in the 2015 National Law Enforcement Challenge from the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP).

Glendale Safe and Healthy Streets Plan, Ch 4 Enforcement: Chapter 4 of the Glendale's Safe and Healthy Streets Plan provides an overview of enforcement policies and activities for improving pedestrian and bicycle safety.

In this traffic safety program, an increased emphasis is placed on enforcing traffic laws around school zones to ensure safety for children and adults walking and biking to school.

Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD): Vision Zero – Priority Corridor Safety Details: This post on the National Safety Council website highlights a project by the City of Los Angeles to identify high priority intersections and corridors along a High-Injury Network (HIN) where collisions occur. The LAPD will focus and increase enforcement efforts in the corridors to reduce pedestrian and bicycle crashes. Visit the Vision Zero Los Angeles resources page to learn about other LAPD enforcement activities undertaken as part of Vision Zero in the 2017 Action Plan and the newly released 2018 Action Plan and Progress Report.

Watch for Me (North Carolina) Program: The “Watch for Me” program in North Carolina is a statewide pedestrian and bicycle safety program that aims to reduce pedestrian and bicycle injuries and deaths through a comprehensive, targeted approach of public education, community engagement, and high visibility law enforcement.

Resources