Since 2004, the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Adminstration (FHWA) Safety Office has been working to aggressively reduce pedestrian deaths by focusing extra resources on the cities and states with the highest pedestrian fatalities and/or fatality rates. Part of this effort has included development of the guide, "How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan", which helps state and local officials know where to begin to address pedestrian safety issues. The FHWA just recently revised the guide and has made it available here.
The purpose of this revised guide is to assist agencies in developing and implementing a safety action plan to improve conditions for bicycling and walking. The plan lays out a vision for improving safety, examining existing conditions, and using a data-driven approach to match safety programs and improvements with demonstrated safety concerns. The document will also serve as a reference for improving pedestrian and bicycle safety through a multidisciplinary and collaborative approach to safety, including street designs and countermeasures, policies, and behavioral programs. Learn more here.