Bike and Pedestrian Projects

Bike and Pedestrian Projects

The below guides and toolkits provide guidance on how to plan and implement bike and pedestrian projects that are safe, accessible and community-oriented.

Cover of the Community Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Training Program's Tool Kit

Safe System Strategies for Bicyclists and Pedestrians Toolkit

The Toolkit provides a starting point for anyone looking to plan a bikeable and walkable community. It lists potential community improvements that can help create a safer community with the Safe System Approach. 

Cover of NCHRP's Guide to Pedestrian Analysis

Guide to Pedestrian Analysis (NCHRP, 2022)

The TRB National Cooperative Highway Research Program's NCHRP Research Report 992: Guide to Pedestrian Analysis presents a state-of-the-art guide to conducting pedestrian traffic analysis on the basis of volume, safety, operations, and quality of service. In addition to the guide, the research provides new evaluation methods for use with the Highway Capacity Manual.

Cover of WRI's Low-Speed Zone Guide

Low-Speed Zone Guide (WRI, 2021)

This Low-Speed Zone Guide presents strategies for planning, designing, building, and evaluating low-speed zones in cities. The guide intends to equip communities and decision-makers with the tools to implement low-speed zones that will suit their specific context.

Cover of FHWA's Traffic Analysis and Intersection Considerations to Inform Bikeway Selection

Traffic Analysis and Intersection Considerations to Inform Bikeway Selection (FHWA, 2021)

This resource supplements the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Bikeway Selection Guide and is intended to inform mobility, safety, equity, and policy trade-off decisions associated with bikeway selection at intersections.

Cover of CRCOG's Guide to Community Quick-Builds for Complete Streets

A Capital Region Guide to Community Quick-Builds for Complete Streets (CRCOG, 2020)

Curb extensions. Bus lanes. Pedestrian plazas. Protected bikeways. These are just a few of the projects communities large and small are implementing with the Quick-Build methodology. At a time of increased competition for funding transportation improvements, the low cost and iterative nature of Quick-Build projects are increasingly popular because they accelerate project delivery, provide a platform for experiential public engagement, and instigate a paradigm shift toward safer, more complete streets.

Cover of NHSTA's Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide For State Highway Safety Offices Tenth Edition

Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide For State Highway Safety Offices Tenth Edition (NHTSA, 2020)

This guide is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices in selecting effective, science-based traffic safety countermeasures for major highway safety problems. The guide: describes major strategies and countermeasures relevant to SHSOs; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation time; and provides references to the most important research summaries and individual studies.

Cover of SCAG's Go Human: Resilient Streets Toolkit

Go Human: Resilient Streets Toolkit (SCAG, 2020)

The Resilient Streets Toolkit is designed to build capacity for any jurisdiction to engage in a community-driven process to identify and implement street-level engagements. The toolkit offers insights that demonstrates viable and inclusive opportunities to reuse streets with resilient projects to help meet the social and environmental challenges of today, while building community capacity to engage in a more inclusive and holistic process so that resilience actions are guided by fundamental community values.

Cover of California Bicycle Coalition's Quick-Build Guide: How to Build Safer Streets Quickly and Affordably

Quick-Build Guide: How to Build Safer Streets Quickly and Affordably (California Bicycle Coalition, 2020)

The California Bicycle Coalition (CalBike) and Alta Planning + Design are excited to share this Quick-Build Guide for quickly and inexpensively creating safe spaces on our streets for people to travel by bike, on foot, on a scooter, by skateboard, or by any other low-impact, low-cost mode of transportation. Making these options available right away is key to our equitable recovery from the economic collapse caused by the pandemic and our ongoing resilience in the face of climate change.

Cover of Walk Sacramento's Walk and Bicycle Audit Guide

Walk and Bicycle Audit Guide (Walk Sacramento, 2020)

This toolkit is meant to guide participants through an assessment of walking and biking conditions in a community. Guiding questions prompt users to consider how street design and infrastructure conditions affect safety, comfort, and convenience for pedestrians and bicyclists. The toolkit focuses on five key elements of the built environment: pedestrian facilities, bicycle facilities, transit facilities, vehicle facilities, and land use. Space is provided at the end of the toolkit to include a map of the route for users to make additional notes as needed.

Cover of AARP's The Pop-Up Placemaking Tool Kit

AARP The Pop-Up Placemaking Tool Kit (AARP, 2019)

This tool kit stems from Team Better Block’s on-the-ground experience and lessons learned, yet it is not a prescription for how a demonstration or change must be implemented. Community leaders, organizations and residents are encouraged to use this publication and Team Better Block’s pop-up recipe catalog (see page 23) as a starting point.

Cover of FHWA's Bikeway Selection Guide

Bikeway Selection Guide (FHWA, 2019)

This document is a resource to help transportation practitioners consider and make informed trade-off decisions relating to the selection of bikeway types. It is intended to supplement planning and engineering judgment. It incorporates and builds upon the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) support for design flexibility to assist transportation agencies in the development of connected, safe, and comfortable bicycle networks that meet the needs of people of all ages and abilities.

Cover of SF Vision Zero Coalition's Getting to the Curb

Getting to the Curb (SF Vision Zero Coalition, 2019)

Every city has different engineering practices, and every street has different characteristics and needs. Therefore, this guide doesn’t offer strict design guidelines, but rather larger considerations and specific design features that solve some of the challenges that cycle tracks pose for pedestrians.

Cover of MAPC's How to Do a Parking Study

How to Do a Parking Study (MAPC, 2019)

Any discussion of parking needs should begin with a survey of existing use. Many simple counts can be accomplished by community staff or local volunteers with minimal training. The guidance below is intended primarily for community staff and local volunteers in designing a survey and collecting parking data.

Cover of Caltrans' Pedestrian Safety Countermeasures Toolbox

Pedestrian Safety Countermeasures Toolbox (Caltrans, 2019)

This document provides a set of tools for improving pedestrian safety on the State Highway System. It was designed to be used to address issues identified during traffic safety investigations conducted while evaluating high collision concentration locations and systemic safety locations. However, these tools may be used more generally to improve pedestrian safety.

Cover of Caltrans' Bikeway Classification

Bikeway Classification (Caltrans, 2017)

This guide clarifies the different types of bikeways that can be implemented for bicyclists in cities.  

Cover of FHWA's Small Town and Rural Multimodal Networks

Small Town and Rural Multimodal Networks (FHWA, 2016)

This document is intended to be a resource for transportation practitioners in small towns and rural communities. It applies existing national design guidelines in a rural setting and highlights small town and rural case studies. It addresses challenges specific to rural areas, recognizes how many rural roadways are operating today, and focuses on opportunities to make incremental improvements despite the geographic, fiscal, and other challenges that many rural communities face.

Cover of AARP's Walk Audit Tool Kit

Walk Audit Tool Kit (AARP, 2016)

The AARP Walk Audit Tool Kit Leader Guide builds upon the AARP Walk Audit Tool Kit, a step-by-step self-service guide for assessing a community’s walkability. This guide helps a community leader or group conduct a larger-scale walkability event consisting of a workshop and an on-the-ground walk audit in which teams of volunteers observe and document the use and safety of local streets.

Cover of NACTO's Urban Bikeway Design Guide

Urban Bikeway Design Guide (NACTO, 2014)

The purpose of the NACTO Urban Bikeway Design Guide (part of the Cities for Cycling initiative) is to provide cities with state-of-the-practice solutions that can help create complete streets that are safe and enjoyable for bicyclists.

Cover of SCAG's Conducting Bicycle and Pedestrian Counts

Conducting Bicycle and Pedestrian Counts (SCAG, 2013)

This manual presents a bicycle count protocol for the Southern California region that provides consistency and direction for bicycle and pedestrian counts as well as guidance for choosing count technologies. Currently, the differing time periods, choice of methodology, and other variables make it difficult to compare existing count data sets. This manual is intended to establish a standardized bicycle count methodology across the SCAG region so that counts are reliable and comparable across jurisdictions. 

Cover of AASHTO's Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities

Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities 4th Edition (AASHTO, 2012)

Local, state, and federal agencies are responding to the increased use of bicycles by implementing a wide variety of bicycle-related projects and programs. This interest in bicycle transportation calls for an understanding of bicycles, bicyclists, and bicycle facilities. This guide addresses these issues and clarifies the elements needed to make bicycling a more safe, comfortable, and convenient mode of transportation.

Cover of The Street Plans Collaborative and Next Gen's Tactical Urbanism Volume 2

Tactical Urbanism Volume 2 (The Street Plans Collaborative/Next Gen, 2012)

In 2012, The Street Plans Collaborative and the CNU NextGen: The Next Generation of New Urbanists responded to growing demand and released the second volume of the Tactical Urbanism open-source guide. This volume takes insight from the authors as well as from over 150 people who attended the first Tactical Urbanism Salon in 2011. Volume 2 is more than an update of the first and includes a discussion of the rise of Tactical Urbanism and the spectrum of interventions. It also covers 12 additional short-term actions inspiring long-term change.

Cover of Caltrans' Guide for the Preparation of Traffic Impact Studies

Guide for the Preparation of Traffic Impact Studies (Caltrans, 2002)

Caltrans desires to provide a safe and efficient State transportation system for the citizens of California pursuant to various Sections of the California Streets and Highway Code. This is done in partnership with local and regional agencies through procedures established by the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and other land use planning processes. The intent of this guide is to provide a starting point and a consistent basis in which Caltrans evaluates traffic impacts to State highway facilities. The applicability of this guide for local streets and roads (non-State highways) is at the discretion of the effected jurisdiction.

Cover of SCAG's Community Walkability Checklist

Community Walkability Checklist (SCAG)

Everyone benefits from walking. These benefits include: improved fitness, cleaner air, reduced risks of certain health problems, and a greater sense of community. But walking needs to be safe and easy. Take a walk and use this checklist to decide if your neighborhood is a friendly place to walk. 

Cover of SCAG's Community Bikeability Checklist

Community Bikeability Checklist (SCAG)

Some communities are more bikeable than others: how does yours rate? Read over the questions in this checklist and then take a ride in your community, perhaps to the local shops, to visit a friend, or even to work. See if you can get where you want to go by bicycle, even if you are just riding around the neighborhood to get some exercise.

Cover of AARP's Walking Group Toolkit

AARP Walking Group Toolkit (AARP)

The Walking Group Tool Kit is designed to provide individuals, organizations and community groups easy ideas on how to start a walking group.